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School of Specialization for Legal Professions

The School of Specialization for the Legal Professions (SSPL, Scuola di Specializzazione per le Professioni Legali) - which originated through the University system reform enacted by Law no. 341 of 19 November 1990 and subsequently defined by Law no. 127 of 15 May 1997 and Law no. 398 of 17 November 1997 - has the objective to educate students to develop the set of aptitudes and skills that characterise the professionalism of judges, lawyers and notaries, including with regard to the growing international integration of legislation and legal systems and the most modern source research techniques.

Admission qualification: 

Admission to the School requires a four-year Degree in Law, or a second-level or Master's Degree in Law, provided it has been awarded prior to the date set for the entry test.

Admission procedure: 

The number of graduates to be admitted each year is determined by Ministerial Decree.

The admission procedure consists in a competitive examination based on a call issued by the Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR, Ministero dell'istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca). The contents of the exams are identical throughout Italy. Graduation mark and university career are also considered.

Attendance: 

Under the current legislation, as mentioned above, teaching and training activities attendance is mandatory – except for the absence limits described above. Failure to meet this requirement will result in not being admitted to the second year of the programme or the final exam for diploma. In this last regard, the Specialization Diploma (the marks are expressed in seventieths) is awarded following a final test consisting of an oral discussion of a written dissertation on interdisciplinary topics, in order to verify that the candidate has acquired the typical skills and abilities encompassed by the two-year programme.

Additional information: 

As regards the lawyer and notary professions, the Specialization Diploma is equivalent to a year of practice (so that the specialist will be able to participate in the relevant competitive examination carrying out only six months of practice in legal or notarial firms - see lastly, respectively, Art. 11, paragraph 2, and Art. 10, paragraph 3, of Presidential Decree no. 137 of 7 August 2012); as for a career in the judiciary, the diploma is - following the so called "Mastella reform" (Law no. 111 of 30 July 2007) - a condition of participation in the relevant public competitive examination, equal to other qualifications such as Procuratore di Stato (State Prosecutor), PhD, honorary magistrate for at least six years and so on. Finally, the diploma in question is also an advantage in the appointment and confirmation of honorary judges and deputy prosecutors (Ministerial Decree of 26 September 2007).

Programme Information

Seat - Description: 

For information:

PhDs and Schools of Specialization Unit

Via San Faustino, 74/b - 25121 Brescia

Tel. +39 0302988733 - 766

scuolespecializzazione@unibs.it

Programme curriculum: 

Classes are held at the headquarters of the School, located in Corso Mameli 27, and are divided into two years, of which the first has common educational functions and the second - instead - is divided into two curricula (judicial-forensic and notary, the latter never until now activated at the University of Brescia SSPL) of which the students will be asked to choose one at the end of the first year. SSPL class attendance is mandatory and there is a maximum number of hours for unjustified (60) and justified absences (130 hours total).

The subjects of the first year are as follows: Civil Law; Administrative Law; Criminal Law; Civil Procedural Law; Criminal Procedure Law; Commercial Law; Labour and Social Security Law; Foundations of European Law; European Union law; Legal Informatics; State and Public Bodies Accounting; Industrial Economics and Accounting; History of Modern Legal Thought; Roman Law and Ancient Laws.

As for the send year, the Judicial Forensic Specialization includes the following subjects: Civil Law; Administrative Law; Criminal law; Civil Procedural Law; Criminal Procedure Law; Constitutional Law; Tax Law; Commercial Law; Labour and Social Security Law; International Law; Community Law; Ecclesiastical Law; Judicial and Forensic Ethics; Judicial and Forensic Systems; Communication and Argumentation Techniques.

Teaching activities: 

The teaching activities of the School of Specialization for the Legal Professions(500 hours per year) are divided into generally afternoon schedules - from 2:45 pm to 6:45 pm, Monday to Thursday - and devoted to in-depth study of case law and relevant literature for individual topics, as well as practical activities (exercises, discussion and simulation of cases, drafting and discussion of essays, court documents, deeds, judgments, opinions) in order to develop the students' practical ability to solve specific legal problems.

In additional to academics, teaching activities are carried out by judges, lawyers and notaries.

Classes are supplemented by training stages at civil, criminal and administrative Courts, as well as law firms and institutions provided with legal departments, based on agreements made for this purpose by the University after considering proposals by the Managing Board.

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