Physics
- Kinematics: displacement, velocity and acceleration. Scalar and vector quantities. Vector calculus.
Linear and curvilinear motions. Uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion.
Motion in the plane: uniform circular motion and parabolic motion.
-Dynamics and Statics: law of inertia, second and third laws of dynamics.
Gravitational force, elastic force, friction, normal force. Strings and pulleys
Fictitious forces and non-inertial frames.
Work and kinetic energy. Conservative forces and potential energy
Conservation of mechanical energy. Power.
Harmonic motion. Damped oscillations, forced oscillations. Resonance.
Quantity of motion (linear momentum). Collisions, center of mass.
First equation of the rigid body dynamics.
Kinetic energy of a rigid body rotating around a fixed axis. Torque. Moment of inertia.
Second equation of the rigid body dynamics. Angular momentum.
Rigid body statics. Levers and their application in the human body. Biomechanics of the mandible(2).
-Elasticity. Mechanical properties of solids. Stress and strain.
Young's modulus, shear’s modulus. Strain of a bridge beam(2).
-Fluids: density and pressure. Fluid statics: isotropy and Pascal principle. Stevin and Archimedes laws.
Fluid dynamics: volume flow conservation law. Bernoulli's theorem.
Fluid viscosity: laminar and turbulent flow. Hydraulic resistance, Hagen-Poiseuille law.
Practical applications of fluid dynamics to the human body (2).
-Temperature and heat. Thermometric scales. Thermal heat capacity of gases liquids and solids.
Latent heats of evaporation and of melting.
Ideal gas law. Real gases.
Heat transfer mechanisms: conduction, convection, and radiation.
Thermodynamic systems: transformations. First and second law of thermodynamics.
Efficiency of heat engines and Clausius inequality. Entropy and Gibbs free energy(2).
Example: entropic origin of polymer elasticity.
- Electricity: electric charge and Coulomb's law, electric field, electrostatic potential. Electric field flux and Gauss theorem. Electric capacity.
Electric current and Ohm's law. Resistance of a wire, resistors in series and parallel.
Joule effect: the electrosurgical unit.
The charge and discharge of a capacitors: RC circuits.
- Waves. Propagation equation and related important parameters: frequency, wavelength, propagation velocity, intensity. Ultrasounds.
Light: electromagnetic spectrum, wave nature of light. Photoelectric effect, Compton scattering.
X ray: production, analysis of Coolidge tube radiation. Interaction of radiation with matter: ionizing radiations. Linear absorption coefficient (3).
-Laser: principle of functioning and properties of emitted light(2).
Note: for all fundamental basic topics see Giancoli (or equivalent texts for biology or medicine courses)
For specific topics see (2)Scannicchio (old edition Borsa-Scannicchio, in the faculty library)
For electromagnetic radiation and X-ray see (3)Tallone (old edition Tallone-Pirola, in the faculty library)